“Women and girls represent half of the world’s population and therefore also half of its potential. But, today gender inequality persists everywhere and stagnates social progress.” Source: United Nations / un.org
Without gender equality, worldwide issues that are common include: child marriages and less educational opportunities for girls. With reduced educational opportunities, then that translates into limited opportunities for women in the workforce.
Other gender related challenges include sexual harassment, assault or sexual violence at home, in public, at schools, and in the workplace.
United States -- before the ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment in 1920, individual states had passed legislation that allowed women to vote in different types of elections; some only allowed women to vote in school or municipal elections, some required that women owned property if they wanted to vote, and some territories extended full suffrage to women, only to take it away once they became states.
Although legally entitled to vote, black women were effectively denied voting rights in numerous Southern states until 1965.
Up until September of 2017, Saudi Arabia was unique in being the only country in the world where women were forbidden to drive motor vehicles.The women to drive movement is a campaign by Saudi women, who have more rights denied to them by the regime than men, for the right to drive motor vehicles on public roads. On Sept 26, King Salman issued an order to allow women to drive in Saudi Arabia, with new guidelines to be created and implemented.